From the files of Stephen M. Lawson
John and Margaret Thompson
- d. 1760. The names of John and
Margaret and their five children are found in an undocumented
compilation. Supporting evidence and additional family details are
Children of John and Margaret Thompson
- John - b. 1699/1700; d. Apr. 3, 1774, Rowan Co., NC.
- Joseph -
- Moses - d. 1802
- James -
- Jane -
John and Martha Thompson
- b. 1699/1700; d. Apr. 3, 1774, Rowan Co., NC; bur. Thyatira Presbyterian Cemetery, Millbridge, Rowan Co., NC. Son of John THOMPSON and Margaret
was dated in Rowan Co., NC on 18 Mar 1774 (Rowan County Wills,
Book A-B, pp. 177-178), naming wife, sons Alexander, William, John and
Joseph, daughters Margaret Thompson and Rachel McGaughey, and
step-daughter Agnes Allen. Grave marker reportedly gives death date as
3-4-1774, age 74; based on will date this likely means 3 Apr 1774.
- Martha may have been previously married since
John's 1774 will names his "step-daughter Agnes Allision," although the
term step-daughter may have another meaning.
Children of John and Martha Thompson
- William - Named in his father's 1774 will.
- John - d. after 29 Jan 1798. Will dated 29 Jan 1798, Iredell Co.,
NC (Will Book 1, pp. 221-223) names wife Margaret, sons George and
Joseph, daughters Elizabeth and Jane. Named in the 1774 will of his
father and the 1804 will of his sister Margaret, the latter also naming
son Alexander. Married Margaret. Children of John and Margaret
THOMPSON: George; Joseph; Elizabeth; Jane; and Alexander.
- Joseph - Named in his father's 1774 will.
- Alexander - bur. Thyatira Presbyterian Cemetery, Millbridge,
Rowan Co., NC. A description of his father's grave includes: "Also on
his right hand lys his son Alexander who deceased" [remainder of this
stone is set beneath bed of concrete, obscuring last line and dates].
Named in the 1774 will of father and 1804 will of sister.
- Thomas - d. about 1794, Rowan Co., NC. Thomas' will dated 12 Nov
1793 and proved in 1794 (Rowan Co. Will Book E, pp. 34-36) names four
sons and five daughters (order uncertain). Named in his father's 1774
will. Thomas, two sons and three daughters (order uncertain) named in
the 1804 will of Thomas' sister Margaret (THOMPSON) BROWN. Married
Elizabeth. Children of Thomas and Elizabeth THOMPSON: James; Alexander;
John; Thomas; Elizabeth married John McGAUGHEY (unplaced); Mary; Nancy
married William McKNIGHT; Pamela; and Eleanor 'Nelly'.
- Rachel - b. Rowan Co., NC. Married Alexander McGAUGHEY.
- Margaret - d. after Jul. 1804. Will dated 1 Aug 1804 in Iredell
Co., NC. Among other, her will names her sister Rachel's sons
Alexander, John, William and James, and "their four sisters." She is
called "daughter Margaret Thompson" in her father's 1774 will, but his
co-executor is "my trusty friend and son-in-law John Brown." Married
John BROWN. She apparently had no living cvhildren when she wrote her
- Agnes ALLISON - Named as step-daughter Agnes ALLISON in her
father's 1774 will (transcription); believed to be related (as wife,
sister, daughter or niece?) to will witness Hugh ALLISON. An abstract
of her step-father's will gives the surnames of both step-daughter
Agnes and witness Hugh as ALLEN.
William and Margaret McGaughey
Information on the family of William and Margaret McGAUGHEY
is primarily from Descendants of William and Margaret McGaughey,
Volumes 1 and 2, by Polly Rachel McGaughey Sutton (Oklahoma City:
1984, 1991). The family of Alexander McGAUGHEY is constructed
from various sources, including letters written by C. W. Keasler
and Kenyon Withrow, and census records. Note that the connection
between Alexander and Daniel is not proved by the sources records,
but is based on circumstantial evidence and undocumented correspondence.
However, Daniel may be a descendant of another McGAUGHEY line,
and documentation provided by Polly Sutton provides the names
of only four sons and one daughter of Alexander. The primary
source of information for the families of Daniel and of James
Withrow McGAUGHEY is Biggerstaff: Second Edition, by Ralph
L. Biggerstaff (Mebane, NC: 1981).
Alexander McGAUGHEY of Rutherford Co., NC was the son of William
and Margaret, proven by Maryland land records and wills of the
THOMPSON family. That he was the father of Daniel is unproved.
Some McGAUGHEYs migrated from Lancaster Co., PA to Rutherford
Co., NC by way of Rowan Co., NC, as did a number of other first
and second generation immigrant families. Alexander was perhaps
a cousin of William McGAUGHEY and wife Mary, who sold land at
Catheys Creek in 1774.
William McGAUGHEY - b. Northern Ireland; d. 1750, York
Co., PA. Will dated Jan. 5, 1749, and proved Apr. 24, 1750 (Will
Book 1750, Book A-12, York Co., PA Courthouse). William, said
to be from County Antrim, Northern Ireland, came to America with
his family about 1738 from Glasgow, Scotland, apparently arriving
in DE where he appears in the Wilmington Court records. William
subsequently purchased land from Abigail CANNON of New Castle,
DE in 1741, and he appears in Lancaster Co., PA by 1745. He owned
land in York Co. (formerly part of Lancaster Co.), PA, and adjacent
land in MD, a total of more than 400 acres in addition to "the
plantation." William also mentioned a cousin by the same
name in his will.
Margaret - b. Scotland. She was named in William's will,
as were the children listed here.
Children of William and Margaret McGaughey
- John - b. 1711-1715, probably in Northern Ireland; d. 1777,
York Co., PA. Married Mary Jane NEELY, daughter of Thomas NEELY.
Mary Jane appears to have been the widow of a Mr. MARSHALL. A
security document dated Jun. 22, 1765 in York Co., PA names Thomas
NEELY, Sr. and his children Thomas, Samuel, John, Jackson and
Mary Marshall, wife of John McGAUGHEY. Refer to the Neely
brothers for further comments. Children: Thomas married Margaret
MARSHALL; Alexander; Jann (daughter); Jean; Mary; and Martha.
- James - b. 1724-1728, probably in Northern Ireland; d. Jun.
10, 1798, York Co., PA. Married about 1756 Agnes McKEAN (b. 1734;
d. Oct. 15, 1804, Adams Co., PA), daughter of Hugh and Agnes
McKEAN. James was left the family plantation in his father's
will, and added 369 additional acres through grants in 1768 and
1778, with 230 acres sold in 1787. In his will dated Feb. 4,
1797, James names his wife Agnes, children Agnes CARNAHAN, William
McGAUGHEY, Ann SCOTT, Hugh McGAUGHEY, and Alexander McGAUGHEY,
and granddaughters Jane LEEPER and Agnes McKean LEEPER. The latter
grandchild is called Agnes McKean SCOTT in the Nov. 27, 1804
will of James' widow. Children: Agnes married David CARNAHAN;
William mried Anne; Jane married Mr. LEEPER; James married first
Maret 'Peggy' McCLURE, and second Nancy Agnes GRIER; Hugh married
first Jane (McCLURE) MOORE, and second Mary 'Polly' DOUGLAS;
Mary Ann married David SCOTT; and Alexander married Rebecca TORRENCE.
- Isabella -
- William - b. about 1738, possibly in Scotland; d. 1812, Maury
Co., TN. Married in Jan. 1760 to Elizabeth LACKEY (b. 1742; d.
1804, Sevier Co., TN; bur. Boyd's Creek Cemetery). William and
Elizabeth were in Lee Co., VA by 1771, and moved to Greene Co.,
TN by 1786. After his wife's death, William moved with two sons
to Maury Co., TN. Children: Samuel married Jane McLAUGHLIN; Elizabeth
married first James EDMONDSON, and second William H. JOHNSTON;
Agnes; Margaret 'Peggy' married David ROBINSON; Ann married William
GAMMILL; William married Serene Margaret BOYD; James Harvey married
Margaret 'Peggy' McCAIN; George Washington married Mary; and
Mary 'Polly' married Eli McCAIN.
- Alexander - b. say 1740-1745, Lancaster
Co., PA; d. after 1800, Rutherford Co., NC.
Alexander and Rachel (Thompson) McGaughey
Alexander McGAUGHEY - b. say 1740-1745, Lancaster Co.,
PA; d. late 1802, Rutherford Co., NC. Alexander McGAUGHEY of Rutherford
Co., NC was the son of William McGAUGHEY
and Margaret, but that he was the father of Daniel is unproved.
Alexander was in the Catheys Creek area of Tryon Co. (now Rutherford
Co.), NC by 1772, when he and wife Rachel purchased and sold land.
Alexander is found in Rutherford Co. on the 1782 tax (330 acres),
in the 1790 census (3-2-5),
and in the 1800 census
(00201-001001). He was appointed public register by the April
Court 1780, and served as such until his death in late 1802. A
marker in the vicinity of the Brittain Presbyterian Church reads,
"Near this site stood Fort McGaughey which was constructed
during the American Revolutionary War period, and named for Alexander
McGaughey." Married before 1764, probably in Rowan Co., NC.
Rachel THOMPSON - b. Rowan Co., NC. Named as Rachel McGAUCHEY in her father's 1764 will. From
The Heritage of Rutherford County we learn that James THOMPSON
and Seth THOMPSON, both of about the same age as Rachel, were
probably born in Brunswick Co., NC, lived in Rowan Co., and moved
to Rutherford Co. around 1780. It is possible that James and Seth
were close kin of Rachel. Daughter of John THOMPSON and Martha.
NOTE: The known, probable and possible children of Alexander
and Rachel are listed here in alphabetical order, sons first.
The names of known children are Alexander, James, John, William,
Agnes, and Mary, but some data presented here may not be for
their children. Both census and other records indicate they had
at least four sons living at home in 1790, and four daughters.
Note that Alexander had been married at least 26 years by 1790,
so could have had at least five sons over age 16 (one shown in
Probable and Possible Children of Alexander
and Rachel McGaughey
- Alexander - Named in the will and estate papers of Aunt Margaret
- Daniel - b. 1755-63; d. 1803, Rutherford
Co., NC. Probable son.
- James - Named in the will and estate papers of Aunt Margaret
(THOMPSON) BROWN. A James McGAUGHEY appears in the 1800 Rutherford
Co., NC census: 23301-11010.
- Jeremiah - Possible son. On Nov. 10, 1800 (Rutherford Co.,
NC Deed Book 15, page 12), a Deed from 1795 was recorded, witnessed
by Jeremiah, for the sale of 200 acres on Duncan Creek, Rutherford
Co., NC, to Daniel McGAUGHEY. Census of 1800: 20010-00010. Married
Sep. 15, 1795 (bond), Rutherford Co., NC, Jane SMITH, with Daniel
McGAUGHEY as bondsman.
- John - Named in the will and estate papers of Aunt Margaret
(THOMPSON) BROWN. Tax list of 1782: 100 acres. Census of 1810:
12001-11001. Possibly married Elizabeth WELCH, daughter of Thomas
and Agnes (ALEXANDER) WELCH. Possible children include Joseph
McGAUGHEY, who married Martha DUNLAP, and became the father of
Elizabeth Welch McGAUGHEY, wife of Jesse R. GUFFEY.
- Marvin - Possible son. Witnessed a will in 1786 in Rutherford
- Robert - Named as son by a correspondent. Married Jan. 23,
1797 (bond), Rutherford Co., NC, Ruth BURNETT, with Lewis BURNETT
(her brother) as bondsman. Ruth was the daughter of Jesse BURNETT
and Judith PRINCE. Son: Samuel Francis married Florah BAREFIELD.
- William - Named in the will and estate papers of Aunt Margaret
(THOMPSON) BROWN. Census of 1800: 10010-00110. Married Aug. 3,
1792 (bond), Rutherford Co., NC, Mimy PATTERSON, with George
Watson as bondsman.
- Agnes - Married Aug. 10, 1792 (bond), Rutherford Co., NC,
Gavin ERVIN (or IRVINE), with Robert FINLEY as bondsman. She
is the only known child of Alexander and Rachel.
- Mary - Named in the will and estate papers of Aunt Margaret
- Two other daughters - Based on 1790 census and mentioned,
but unnamed in the will and estate papers of Aunt Margaret (THOMPSON)
Daniel and Elizabeth (Biggerstaff) McGaughey
Daniel McGAUGHEY - b. 1755-63; d. 1803, Rutherford Co.,
NC. Possibly the son of Alexander McGAUGHEY
and Rachel THOMPSON. Census of 1790
of Rutherford Co., NC shows Daniel's household with one male over
16 years of age and three females. Rebecca BIGGERSTAFF (b. 1769),
Daniel's sister-in-law, was placed under his care by the Court
of 1787, accounting for the third female in the 1790 census. Purchased
200 acres on Duncan Creek, Rutherford Co., NC, in late 1799 from
David COLE, with Jeremiah McGAUGHEY as a witness (recorded Nov.
10, 1800). Census of 1800:
Elizabeth BIGGERSTAFF - b. about 1766; d. 1850-1859.
Daughter of Benjamin BIGGERSTAFF
and Mary VANZANT.
Children of Daniel and Elizabeth McGaughey
- Mary <?> - b. about 1788.
- Benjamin - b.
Mar. 1791. Bound to Samuel BIGGERSTAFF by the March 1805 Court of
Rutherford Co., NC, and to Aaron BIGGERSTAFF by the July 1808 Court.
- James Withrow - b. about 1793,
NC; d. before 1840.
James Withrow and Elizabeth McGaughey
James Withrow McGAUGHEY - b. about 1793, NC; d. before
1840. Son of Daniel McGAUGHEY and Elizabeth
BIGGERSTAFF. Bound to Samuel BIGGERSTAFF by the March 1805 Court of Rutherford Co., NC. Marriage bond Dec. 11, 1816, Rutherford Co.,
NC. James has been located in the 1820
and the 1830 censuses
of Rutherford Co., NC.
Elizabeth O. - b. about 1790, NC; d. prob. Rutherford
Co., NC. Her surname is uncertain as it only appears on her marriage
bond as MEGAHEY, and may have been a result of a clerical error
- perhaps being a corruption of her husband's surname. Perhaps
Elizabeth's middle initial is a clue to her name before this marriage.
The birth of her first McGAUGHEY child about 1817, when Elizabeth
was about 27, suggests a possible prior marriage, probably without
children. Either her father's surname or a prior husband's surname
could have begun with "O". For example, if Elizabeth's
age is overstated, she could have be a daughter of Ambrose OWNBEY,
whose Jan. 1, 1793, Rutherford Co., NC, marriage bond to Elizabeth
HINSON included James OWNBEY as bondsman. The 1850 Census shows
James OWENSBY and Joanah OWENSBY, both 89 in the Coon family,
with Anester COON being age 63 - Elizabeth O. GAHA was listed
as age 60 and as the head of household in the 1850
census of Rutherford Co., NC. James OWENBY is in the 1800 Census
at age 26-45 with one "daughter" age 0-10, one "daughter"
10-16, 3 "sons" 0-10, and one "son" 10-16.
So it is also possible that Elizabeth was a daughter of James
OWENBY. Note however, that there are at least 13 families in Rutherford
Co., NC Censuses whose surname began with the letter "O"
and who had a female in the family born about 1790.
Children of James and Elizabeth McGaughey
- A daughter - b. about 1817.
- Daniel - b. about 1818; d. Dec. 12, 1885, Point deLuce, AR;
bur. Dewitt, AR. Married Mary PARKER (b. about 1828). Member
of the Methodist Episcopal Church since 1834. The marriage bond
of Jan. 13, 1849, Rutherford Co., gives the bride's name as Martha,
and bondsman as John MOORE. Daniel and Mary do not appear in
the 1860 census of Rutherford Co., NC, their children then living
with Drucilla JOHNSON (age 26). Children: George Washington married
Sarah Angeline STEPHENS; Sarah married Charles CUMMINGS; Harriet
married Joe STEPHENS; Annabelle married John STEPHENS; John Wesley
married Carey ADAMS; Julie married James Phillips ALLEN; Nancie
married Tom NELSON; Mary married Henry POWELL; and Joseph Armour
married Etta BAGBY (or BAGLEY).
- A daughter - b. about 1819.
- Mary - b. Oct. 12,
1820, Rutherford Co., NC; d. Jul. 8, 1906, Rutherford Co., NC.
Married John H. CARPENTER.
- Nancy - b. 1823; d. before 1889 (estate sale). Unmarried
and living with sister Elizabeth in Rutherford Co., NC in 1870
- Martha - b. about 1826. Reportedly married Dec. 14, 1847
John TUGGLE. However, Martha (age 23) appears in the household
of her mother in the 1850 census of Rutherford Co., NC.
- A daughter - b. 1828-1829.
- Rebecca - b. Mar. 1830; d. Mar. 14, 1910. Married Dec. 4,
1858 John DEVINEY (d. before 1870). The marriage bond of Dec.
4, 1858 gives bondsman as E. M. CARPENTER. Children: Benjamin
G. married Nancy Cora CARPENTER; and Emmanuel Milam married Ollie
- Jane - b. about 1831.
- Elizabeth - b. 1834; d. late 1880. Unmarried and living with
sister Nancy in Rutherford Co., NC in 1870 and 1880.
- James - b. Apr. 7, 1834; d. Jun. 9, 1915, Niota, TN; bur.
DeWitt Cemetery, DeWitt, Arkansas Co., AR. Known as James McGAHHEY,
he married S. M. WEAST, identified as Sophia Malinda WEAST (b.
May 7, 1837, Rutherford Co., NC; d. Aug. 27, 1910, DeWitt, Arkansas
Co., AR; bur. there in DeWitt Cemetery), the daughter of Nancy
WEAST and probably Judge George W. LOGAN, who was Judge of the
superior court and took a significant role in the Ku Klu Klan
suppression and prosecution of the early 1870s. Considerable
information, from public records, contemporary news publications
and family sources, is available concerning a charge against
James McGAUGHEY for the murder of Decatur DePRIEST. The murder
took place one or two days after a Ku Klux Klan raid on the McGaughey
home in Rutherford Co., NC,in Feb. 1870, with at least one member
of the DePRIEST family identified as a participant. James and
his family left NC for TN and he was never tried for the murder.
Public records (see BULLETIN of the Genealogical Society of Old
Tryon County, Jan. 1998. page 10) confirm that James McGAHEY
was "charged with murder of Decatur DePRIEST. Requisition
for his return to Rutherford County sent to Governor of Tenn.
on 30 Jan. 1875. On 19 July 1877, a $200 reward was offered for
his apprehension." Refer to The History of Old Tryon
and Rutherford Counties,
by Clarence W. Griffin (1937), pages 323-37, for many details of the
Klan raid and its aftermath. The marriage bond of Nov. 8, 1854,
Rutherford Co., between James McGAHHEY and S. M. WEAST gives the
bondsman as M. G. WEAST. Children of James and Sophia McGAHHEY: Juliius
Benjamin married first Julia Ann JONES [Julian and Julia became the
great grandparents of Wallace I. Crawford, Jr.], and second Irene
DAILEY; Elizabeth married John Lewis McNAMARA [Elizabeth and John
became great-great grandparents of Deal Newberry]; James married
Janeaketta HULL; Dr. Joseph married first Margaret EVANS, and second
Jessie Jane (SHUCK) DUVALL [Joseph and Jessie became grandparents of
Margaret (Proffitt) Nye]; David married Emma EVANS; Nancy Malinda
married first Sylvester WATKINS, and second Edd HILL; Mary Jane married
William Henry LANDON; and John T. C.