Possible Moore Roots in England
Any connection between Richard MOORE of Chester Co., PA and a MOORE family in England remains conjectural, but circumstantial evidence and limited records do permit some speculation. Do not accept these comments as anything more than mere speculation about the parentage of Richard MOORE. Documented evidence either supporting or disproving this conjecture is welcome.
When the GREEN, MOORE and GUEST families arrived in Philadelphia in 1686, the GREEN and MOORE families (and possibly all three) settled first in that part of Burlington Co., West Jersey that became Gloucester County in Sep. 1686. Court and land records place members of the GREEN and MOORE families in Burlington County until as late as 1692, but the movement to Chester Co., PA began around 1689. By 1693 it appears that all members of the Thomas GREEN and Richard MOORE family had relocated from West Jersey to Pennsylvania. It is possible that the motivation for initial settlement of the Richard MOORE family in West Jersey was that close relatives were already settled there.
The family of Benjamin MOORE and others, including two other families from Northampton, England, arrived in America in 1682 aboard the 'Amity,' with the vessel landing at Burlington, West Jersey. The MOORE family included Benjamin MOORE, Sr. and his sons Thomas and Benjamin, Jr. The Benjamin Moore Family of Burlington County, New Jersey, by Edmund E. Moore (1982: Woodbury, NJ) traces the decendants of Benjamin MOORE, Jr. The Introduction cites the will of John VICKERS of Syresham, Northampton (dated Mar. 6, 1670, proved Mar. 29, 1673/4), which includes among the legatees "my well-beloved Kinsman Benjamin Moore" and his children John, Elizabeth, Jane, Thomas and Benjamin.
A Mar. 15, 1679/0 mortgage assignment for land at Syresham transfers the lease which was assigned on Oct. 2, 1630 to John MOORE, his wife Elizabeth, and their son Benjamin, to Benjamin's son John. The latter two are called Carpenters of Syresham.
The VICKERS family (exact relationship to the MOORE family is not stated) held land in both Syresham and Boddington, about 12 miles to the northwest. One John MOORE of Boddington wrote his will in 1671 (proved 1671/2), in which he names "my now wife Alice" and sons Richard, John, Thomas and Edward. If the John MOORE of Boddington with will date 1671 was the same person assigned land at Syresham in 1630, and if Richard MOORE, son of John, was the immigrant to America, one might construct the following simple family structure:
John MOORE and Thomas MOORE were residing in Chester Co., PA at the same time as Richard MOORE. Richard named his second son Thomas, the name of his wife Mary GREEN's father. In the family outline proposed, it may be significant that both Benjamin and Richard had sons and grandsons named John and Thomas.
It is reiterated that there is no documentary evidence that Richard MOORE of Chester Co., PA is the same Richard MOORE who was son of John MOORE of Boddington, nor that John MOORE of Boddington was brother, cousin or other close kin of Benjamin MOORE, Sr. of Syresham and Burlington. The marriage of Richard MOORE and Mary GREEN is likely that of Dec. 16, 1660 at Elmdon, Warwick. Although Boddington, Northampton is near the eastern border of Warwickshire, it is some distance to Elmdon in western Warwickshire, with no evidence located stating that the husband of Mary GREEN was from Northamptonshire.
In her will of 1708, Margaret GREEN, widow of Thomas GREEN and mother of Mary (GREEN) MOORE, names "my Cousin Henry Guest." The latter was likely either Henry GUEST, Jr., passenger on the 1686 ship with the GREEN and MOORE families. A marriage and christening in the GUEST (or GEST) family has been located at Northfield, Worcester. See also the discussion of the possible roots of the GREEN family in Warwickshire.
Detailed information on the MOORE and GREEN families has been shared by Linda Moore Bollinger. See also an article by Hazel J. Hayes, beginning on page 123 of Wayne County, Tennessee, Histories and Families, prepared by the Wayne County Historical Society (Paducah, KY, 1995).
A number of passenger lists for the 'Delaware' have been located, all essentially the same, but with more or less detail. This list seems more detailed, and possibly more true to the original, than others. It is from Emigrants to Pennsylvania 1641-1819, by Michael Tepper (1975).
The ship Delaware From Bristol in old England, John Moore Commander, arrived here the 11th of the 5 month 1686.
Thomas Greene (Husbandman) & Margaret his wife, Thomas and John Greene his sons, Mary Guest his servant for 7 years to come from the third day of May 1686.
Richard Moore (Brickmaker) & Mary his wife & Mary his Daughter & John Moore his sone, Sarah Searle his servant for 4 years to come from the 3d of May 1686.
Henry Guest (sawyer) & Mary his wife & Henry his sone.
Richard MOORE - b. England; d. 1695, Concord Twp., Chester Co., PA. Parents unknown. Richard MOORE, possibly from Northamptonshire, first settled in that portion of Burlington Co., West Jersey, which became Gloucester County in Sep. 1686. He appears in the court records of West Jersey between 1690 and 1692. In Feb. 1689/0 (12th mo.), "Rich'd Moore an Inhabitant and husbandman of West Jersey" purchased 200 acres in Concord Twp., Chester Co., PA. The Aug. 8, 1692 Burlington Co., West Jersey court record names Richard MOORE and John GREENE as defendants. Richard appears on the 1693 tax list for Concord Twp, Chester Co., PA, along with brother-in-law John GREEN, and Thomas MOORE, who was perhaps his brother. George STROUDE was in court in Chester Co., PA on Sep. 12, 1694 "In behalfe of himselfe and Thomas Greene and John Green and Richard Moore" seeking to allow Thomas GREEN to purchase land, Thomas and John GREEN being brothers-in-law of Richard MOORE. On May 16, 1695. administration of the estate of "Richard Moore of Concord" was granted to his widow. When Mary declared her intent to re-marry, Richard's orphaned children were represented at court on Mar. 7, 1698 by George STRODE, who "appeared in behalfe of the Orphants of Richard Moore whose names are as followeth - John Moore & Thomas Moore, George Moore and Mary Moore and Shusannah Moore." (Records of the Courts of Chester County, Pennsylvania, Volume 2, transcribed by Dorothy Lapp, Danboro, PA, 1972, p. 33.) Married Apr. 9, 1683, Northfield, Worcester, England.
Mary GREEN - bap. Sep. 6, 1661, Elmdon, Worcester, England;
d. prob. Chester Co., PA. Mary arrived in Philadelphia aboard the
July 1686, together with her husbnad, children Mary and John,
brothers Thomas and John, and Parents Thomas and Margaret GREEN.
Mary is named in her mother's will and called "my dear and
well-beloved Mother" in her son John's will, being given
an annual allowance of £8 for life. Mary married second
Joseph CLOUD (b. Aug. 16, 1651, Calne, Wiltshire, England; d.
1739, Concord Twp., Chester Co., PA), son of William CLOUD (b.
1620 ,Wiltshire, England; d. 1702, PA) and Susan JAMES. Jeremiah
CLOUD, brother of Joseph, became the ancestor of James Henry 'Doc'
HOLLIDAY (1851-1887). Joseph CLOUD had a son Joseph (d. Aug. 1770,
Chester Co., PA) and daughter Mary (married Peter KERLIN) by his
prior marriage. The will of Joseph CLOUD, Jr. was written Aug.
11, 1770, and the inventory of his estate was taken Aug. 24, 1770
at £1065, excluding his house and land - a rather large
estate with extensive personal possessions listed. His will includes
detailed information about the families of Mary and Ann, called
"my two Sisters." Daughter of Mary and Joseph CLOUD:
Ann married first Frederick ENGLE and second Jonathan VERNON.
Mary (GREEN) MOORE CLOUD was the daughter of Thomas
GREEN and Margaret SISE.
Family links: Although analysis is incomplete, there appear to be multiple kinships between the GREEN, PYLE, VERNON and MOORE families. For example, it appears that Mary (PYLE) MOORE, wife of Thomas, was sister of Sarah (PYLE) VERNON, husband of John VERNON, and that John VERNON and Isaac VERNON were brothers, and sons of Robert VERNON and Elinor MINSHALL. Also, Ann CLOUD, daughter of Mary (GREEN) MOORE CLOUD, married Jonathan VERNON, son of Thomas VERNON and Lydia (WILLIAMS) ROLFE, with Jonathan VERNON being nephew of Robert VERNON and Elinor MINSHALL.
George PEACOCK - Although conclusive evidence is not available, it is highly likely that George PEACOCK was the father of Mary MOORE's son Benjamin. Only a few records concerning George are available, but some of them seem to indicate a questionable character. In Jun. 1694 He gave a deposition in the Chester Co., PA court, along with Joseph CLOUD and others, in a suit by John BRISTOW against William COLLETT. In Nov. 1694, the will of Richard PEARLE was proved in Philadelphia Co., PA, naming legatees "Widow Guest of Philadelphia," "George Peacock now of Burlington," and others, with George PEACOCK as executor. In Oct. 1695 he was summoned to court in Chester Co., PA to explain what happend to a girl whom he had taken to Maryland, and he was discharged paying the charges when witnesses attested the the girl, Martha ROWELL was "well in Mary land." In late 1696, shortly after Mary MOORE was indicted for having an illegitimate child, George PEACOCK disappeared from the area, leaving a debt and having his possessions sold at auction by the sheriff, with proceeds to John BALDWIN for satisfaction of debts. There is reason to believe that the union of George and Mary was not by her choice, she being no more than 15 years old at the time. Information about George PEACOCK's later life is desired to possibly clarifiy this matter and provide Benjamin MOORE with a paternal ancestry.
Mary MOORE - b. about 1680, England. Mary arrived in 1686 in Philadelphia, PA on the Delaware from Bristol, England with her parents and grandparents. Mary was indicted in Chester Co., PA on Sep. 8, 1696, after the birth of her son Benjamin: "Mary Moore being Called to Answer the sd Presentment: Appeared and Exhibeted a Peticion to the sd Court which being Red and she being very sorry for the same the Court Considering thereof And shee submitting her selfe to the mercy of the bentch: the Court orders that shee shall be omitted Corporall Punishment and that she shall pay forty shillings for A fine and the Charges of the Court and Give security for the bringing up of the Childe: and be Discharged for this time George Stroud became her security for the bringing up of the Childe:" (Records of the Courts of Chester County, Pennsylvania, published by the Colonial Society of Pennsylvannia, Philadelphia: Patterson White and Co., 1910, p. 390.) George STROUDE, who represented Mary in this case, also represented her, her brothers and her sister at Orphans Court in Mar. 1698, following their mother's declared intent to marry Joseph CLOUD. Mary FLEMING is named in her grandmother Margaret GREEN's 1708 will, and her brother John MOORE's 1727 will. Mary was married about 1700 to William FLEMING, said to have been an immigrant originally from Greenock, Scotland. Information on the FLEMING family is sparse. Children of Mary and William FLEMING: William; George did not marry; James married; Peter married; John; Henry; Mary married Daniel COWAN; and Susanna married William COWAN. Daughter of Richard MOORE and Mary GREEN.
Benjamin Moore - b. 1696, Chester Co., PA, d. 1751, PA. Son of Mary MOORE and George PEACOCK. Benjamin was called "Benoni Moore alias Peacock" in will of Margaret GREEN, his probable maternal great grandmother, and was called "brother Benjamin Moore" in will of John MOORE, brother of Mary (MOORE) FLEMING. Other evidence supports the conclusion that Benoni/Benjamin was a nephew rather than brother of John MOORE. Benjamin traded with the Indians, and it is likely that he was murdered while trading in the region around Pittsburgh - see the Pennsylvania Gazette articles. His estate was settled at the place of his residence, Hopewell, Cumberland Co., PA.
September 26, 1751
Page 2, column 1
Tuesday last, at a Court of Oyer and Terminer held here, came up the Trial of Charles Rothwell, for the Murder of his Master Benjamin Moore, an Indian Trader; who was acquitted.
February 25, 1752
Number 1211, page 2, column 2
A few days ago Aaron Moore, an Indian trader, came to town, and gave a Deposition, the Purport of which is as follows: That on, or about the 25th of October last, he was met with and robb'd in the Back Parts of this Province, near Allegheny by Francis Fulton, Nehemiah Steen, Charles Poke and Andrew Steen; who pretended they had a Warrant from a proper Authority, to seize and take away all the Skins, Goods, Horses, and other Effects, of his late Father, Benjamin Moore, deceased; and that they had Orders to carry him to Philadelphia, for which they would receive a Reward of Fifteen Pounds: That on Refusing to deliver his Goods, two of them Francis Fulton, and Nehemiah Steen, threatened to split him down, and then took his Effects to the value of 200 pounds. And that they then suffer'd him to depart from them; upon which he traveled into the inhabited Parts of the Province, in order to make his Complaint.
Family Links: Aaron MOORE and Rachel LAWRENCE's daughter, Mary (MOORE) ROBERTS WALKER BATTLE, is connected through her son John Osborn ROBERTS to multiple ancestral families of Don and Iva (FREEMAN) LAWSON, including the FREEMAN, HAZELRIGG, HOLLOWAY, KELSEY and MOBLEY families.